At a very early age, and often even before they see the light of day, society teaches children what it means to be a boy or a girl. This education, which is greatly influenced by gender stereotypes, is a powerful process that transforms the way young people see themselves, others, and the world.
They can relate to personality, interests, and activities, behaviors, physical appearance, role in society, and even sexual attraction. Some stereotypes have evolved over the years, with other models coming to the fore. However, many of these clichés remain and continue to influence us in subtle ways
These clichés are proliferated and reinforced in advertising, music, TV shows, films, video games, social media, pornography and through our peers, schools, and families. Contrary to what most people think, these differences are neither innate (present from birth) nor natural. Above all, they are integrated and reproduced.
It is therefore not surprising that 90% of victims of sexual assault are girls or women, and that the majority of the perpetrators of this violence are men. This issue also disproportionately affects sexual and gender minorities.
Indeed, while it's certainly understandable to fall into these roles and embody many of these qualities, being limited to them is dangerous. Indeed, the fact that these norms are rigid, cutting girls off from their power and boys off from their feelings, is what prevents young people from developing all the necessary skills for healthy, egalitarian relationships.
For more information on sexuality and gender issues, consult the Teen Support Resources (uqam.ca).
Exposito, J., Les stéréotypes de genre et les réseaux sociaux: une influence sur le développement identitaire à l’adolescence.
Revue québécoise de psychologie, Consentement sexuel ET adhésion à des stéréotypes de genre: UNE ÉTUDE AUPRÈS D’UN GROUPE DIVERSIFIÉ D’ADULTES ÉMERGENTS
Institut nationale de santé publique du Québec, Statistiques sur les agressions sexuelles
Revue de l’Université de Moncton, Influence de la socialisation sexuelle hétéronormative sur la compréhension du consentement et de la violence à caractère sexuel des étudiantes et des étudiants en Acadie du Nouveau-Brunswick
Revue française de pédagogie, Socialisation de genre et construction des identités sexuées: Contextes sociétal et scientifique, acquis de la recherche et implications pratiques